Civics: A Young Country (Fall 2020 Week 8)

Civics Review: The Declaration and Constitution

Reading and Civics

After Washington, Adams became president. After Adams, Thomas Jefferson became president.

This stamp shows the Louisiana Territory

Thomas Jefferson wanted the United States to get bigger and bigger.

The Louisiana Territory was 828,000 square miles of land. It was named after King Louis (Luis) of France.

In 1803, the United States bought the Louisiana Territory from France.

What territory did the United States buy from France in 1803? –> Louisiana

In 1812, there was more war with England. One man saw a terrible fight all night long. But in the morning, the US flag was still there.

He wrote a poem and a song called “The Star Spangled Banner.”

The Star Spangled Banner means “the flag with a lot of stars.”

It was very popular. It became the national anthem for the United States.

You can watch the National Anthem from the 2021 Inauguration of Joe Biden

What is the name of the national anthem? –> The Star Spangled Banner

African people were brought to the United States as slaves from 1619 to 1821.

Even after 1821, slavery continued in the south United States.

There were 4 million slaves in the United States. More and more, people said: “This is wrong. All people have the rights of life and liberty.”

These people wanted civil rights for all Americans. Civil rights means protecting the rights of all people.

One important civil rights leader was Susan B. Anthony. Susan B. Anthony fought for civil rights for all people, black and white.

Also, Susan B. Anthony fought for women’s rights. For example, in the 1700s and 1800s, women in the United States did not have the right to vote.

What did Susan B. Anthony do? –> Fought for women’s rights.

Suffragists parade down Fifth Avenue, New York City, 1917. Advocates march in October 1917, displaying placards containing the signatures of more than one million New York women demanding the vote. The New York Times Photo Archives

In 1920, Americans made a change to the constitution. The 19th (nineteenth) Amendment means that all women citizens of the United States get the right to vote.

But what about the millions of slaves in the US in the 1800s? The evil problem of slavery was like a bomb waiting. And in 1861, the bomb went off.


  • What territory did the United States buy from France in 1803?
  • What did Susan B. Anthony do?
  • What is the name of the national anthem?